IAPS instruments and projects for Solar System's exploration

About Cassini-Huygens

Cassini-Huygens is one of the most ambitious missions ever launched into space. Loaded with an array of powerful instruments and cameras, the spacecraft is capable of taking accurate measurements and detailed images in a variety of atmospheric conditions and light spectra.

Cassini Mission

 Launched in 1997, on July 1, 2004, after a seven-year voyage, the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft fired its main engine to reduce its speed, allowing the spacecraft to be captured by Saturn’s gravity and enter orbit. The spacecraft entered a four-year mission to explore the ringed planet, its mysterious moons, the stunning rings and its complex magnetic environment. During the Saturn Tour, Cassini completed a number of orbits of the ringed planet,  close flybys of the hazy moon Titan, and numerous flybys of Saturn’s other icy moons. Pointing its various instruments at carefully calculated scientific targets, Cassini collected detailed data on Saturn, its rings and the moons orbiting this gas giant. Cassini completed its initial four-year mission to explore the Saturn System in June 2008 and the first extended mission, called the Cassini Equinox Mission, in September 2010. Now, the healthy spacecraft is seeking to make exciting new discoveries in a second extended mission called the Cassini Solstice Mission. The mission’s extension, which goes through September 2017, is named for the Saturnian summer solstice occurring in May 2017. The northern summer solstice marks the beginning of summer in the northern hemisphere and winter in the southern hemisphere. Since Cassini arrived at Saturn just after the planet’s northern winter solstice, the extension will allow for the first study of a complete seasonal period.

Huygens Landing

Cassini-Huygens is not only an orbiter mission. Aside the Cassini orbiter, a second part of the mission is the Huygens probe, a cone-shaped little probe supplied by ESA and built to descended into Titan’s cloudy atmosphere.  In December 2004 the Huygens probe began its descent to land on Saturn’s moon on the 14th of January 2005, where it imaged and studied the planet’s moon for several hours.

Cassini Instruments

The instruments onboard Cassini-Huygens gather data for 27 diverse science investigations, providing scientists with an enormous amount of information on the most beautiful planet in our Solar System and its moons.
Below a list of the instruments aboard the Cassini-Huygens and the links to their pages.

Cassini Instruments Links

Optical Remote Sensing
Mounted on the remote sensing pallet, these instruments study Saturn and its rings and moons in the electromagnetic spectrum.

Fields, Particles and Waves
These instruments study the dust, plasma and magnetic fields around Saturn. While most don’t produce actual “pictures,” the information they collect is critical to scientists’ understanding of this rich environment.

Microwave Remote Sensing
Using radio waves, these instruments map atmospheres, determine the mass of moons, collect data on ring particle size, and unveil the surface of Titan.

External Links
To know more about Cassini-Huygens mission: http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov

To know about the scientific fidings of Cassini Link

To know where Cassini is at the moment: http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/presentposition/